new1234.jpg

VMware: Update Manager – The operation is not supported on the selected inventory objects.

September 22nd, 2015 No comments

Last week I deployed with Update Manager some patches at an existing vSphere 6.0 environment, during the remediate process I received this error message:

 

image 

 

The operation is not supported on the selected inventory objects. Check the events
for the objects selected for the operation.

 

Solution

During the Remediate process you need to disable Admission Control, also when you have enough resources available in the cluster. You can do this for this specific host you selected for remediate or you can you this temporary at cluster level

image

VMware: Error when uploading files to vCenter Server Appliance using WinSCP

September 15th, 2015 No comments

Last week I tried to download some logfiles with WinSCP from the customer vCenter 6.0 appliance but I couldn’t, I received this error message:
  

Host is not communicating for more than 15 seconds. If the problem repeats, try turning off 'Optimize connection buffer size'. 

 

Solution

When you copy files using WinSCP, part of the operation happens on the target Linux system. The default Appliance Shell cannot be the remote partner of WinSCP. You must enable the Bash shell on the appliance, as follows:

  1. Initiate an SSH connection to the vCenter Server Appliance.
  2. Provide the root user user name and password when prompted.
  3. Run this command to enable the Bash shell:
     
    shell.set --enable True
     
  4. Run this command to access the Bash shell:
     
    shell
  5. In the Bash shell, run this command to change the default shell to Bash:

    chsh -s /bin/bash root
     
  6. Use WinSCP to upload the certificate files to the vCenter Server Appliance.
  7. To return to the Appliance Shell, run this command:

    chsh -s /bin/appliancesh root

image[3]

More information: VMware

VMware: Configure new vSphere 6 host with PowerCLI

August 17th, 2015 2 comments

Last week I upgraded my original Configure vSphere 4 PowerCLI script I created in 2011 . When you run the script with PowerShell ICE or PowerCLI you have two options: 1. Configure a new vSphere 6 host. 2. Add the new configured host to vCenter Server. I’m still not a PowerCLI Pro so.. please comment if you have any tips or suggestions.

Benefits:

— When you use this script, the script is your vSphere configuration documentation
— You don’t need a license for Host Profiles or revert temporary to Evaluation Mode
— Fresh (new) host configuration takes ~10 minutes
— vSphere Host configuration standardization
— Easy add variables during deployment
— Easy GUI menu

 

Function:

Menu option: 1 – Configure new vSphere host

— Connect to the target ESXi Host
— Enter Maintenance mode
— Set Hostname and Domain name
— Configure DNS settings
— Configure NTP settings
— Configuring Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
— Delete the default VM Network
— Configure vSwitch0 – Management / vMotion
— Configure vSwitch1 – Production Network
— Configure vSwitch2 – iSCSI
— Configure vSwitch3 – iSCSI
— Install Software iSCSI Initiator
— Configure iSCSI target address
— Configure iSCSI initiator name
— Enable iSCSI Initiator
— Rescan on all HBAs and Rescan for VMFS volumes
— Exit Maintenance Mode

Menu option: 2 – Configure new vSphere host to vCenter Server

— Connect vCenter server
— Add vSphere Host to vCenter server
— Re-balance Cluster

Menu option: 0 – Quit

 


Script upgraded for hardware setup:

Host

— Type: Dell PowerEdge R630
— Network: 6x 10 GB
— Storage: flash (2×8 GB)
— Memory: 256 GB
— CPU:  2x E5-2660 v3

Storage

— Dell Compellent SC4020 (iSCSI)

Network

— DellForce 10


Script:

#====================================================================#
#   SCRIPT:        VMP_Configure_new_vSphere6_Host_with_Menu.ps1     #
#   FUNCTION:      Configure fresh installed host                    #
#   CREATED:       05/07/2011                                        #
#   MODIFIED:      17/08/2015                                        #
#   OWNER:         S.Daems / VMpros.nl                               #
#   VERSION:       v.1.7                                             #
#====================================================================#
#   CHANGELOG:                                                       #
#                                                                    #
#   v.1.7                                                            #
#                                                                    #
#    - Script upgraded to vSphere 6.0                                #
#    -- Updated obsolete commands (vSphere 6 proof)                  #
#    - Install and configure 10GB iSCSI storage network              #
#    -- Configure iSCSI initiator                                    #
#    -- Configure iSCSI initator IQN name                            #
#    - Updated and configure SMNP                                    #
#    - Updated DNS settings                                          #
#    - Updated Custom Definitions field                              #
#    - Updated Network Configuration parameters                      #
#                                                                    #
#   USAGE:                                                           #
#                                                                    #
#    - Edit script in Windows PowerShell ISE / Notepad ++            #
#    - Add static values in "Custom Definitions" section             #
#    - Run script with Windows PowerShell ISE or PowerCLI 6.0        #                                                                    #
#    - Answer dynamic values during script                           #                                                                 #
#    - Enjoy!                                                        #
#                                                                    #
#                                                                    #
#   NOTE:                                                            #
#                                                                    #
#    - Run this script only on a empty vSphere 6 host                #
#    - Check if the correct pNIC's are configured for NIC Teaming    #
#    - This script is written with VMware vSphere PowerCLI 6.0       #
#                                                                    #
#                                                                    #
#====================================================================#
#   MENU                                                             #
#====================================================================#
do {
 
Write-Host "Please make your choice:" -foregroundcolor yellow
Write-Host " 1. Configure new vSphere host"
Write-Host " 2. Configure new vSphere host to vCenter Server"
Write-Host " 0. Quit"
Write-Host " "
$response = Read-Host "Select 0-2"
Write-Host " "
 
switch ($response)
{
1 {
#====================================================================#
#   HOST = CUSTOM DEFINITIONS                                        #
#====================================================================#
$ESX_host = read-host "Select ESXi host by DNS to connect"
$New_hostname = read-host "Select hostname to configure"
$New_domainname = "VMpros.lan"
$Root_user = "root"
$Root_password = "VMpros#2015!"
$DNS01 = "10.32.17.5"
$DNS02 = "10.32.17.6"
$VMK01 = read-host "Select iSCSI VMkernel 01 IP-address to configure"
$VMK02 = read-host "Select iSCSI VMkernel 02 IP-address to configure"
$VLAN01_label = "VMP-VLAN200"
$VLAN02_label = "VMP-VLAN300"
$VLAN03_label = "VMP-VLAN400"
$VLAN04_label = "VMP-VLAN500"
$VLAN05_label = "VMP-VLAN600"
$VLAN06_label = "VMP-VLAN700"
$VLAN01_id = "200"
$VLAN02_id = "300"
$VLAN03_id = "400"
$VLAN04_id = "500"
$VLAN05_id = "600"
$VLAN06_id = "700"
$iSCSI_sub = "255.255.255.0"
$iSCSI_target_A = "172.45.21.40"
$iSCSI_target_B = "172.45.22.40"
$vMotion_ip = read-host "Select vMotion VMkernel IP-address to configure"
$vMotion_sub = "255.255.255.0"
$NTP01 = "0.nl.pool.ntp.org"
$NTP02 = "1.nl.pool.ntp.org"
$MTU = "9000"
#
#
#
#====================================================================#
# ***LOAD PLUGINS***                                                 #
#====================================================================#
Add-PSSnapin vmware.vimautomation.core
#====================================================================#
#
#
#
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- vSphere Host-configuration starting..." -foregroundcolor yellow
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- Connect to the target ESXi Host" -foregroundcolor green
#====================================================================#
Set-PowerCLIConfiguration -invalidCertificateAction "ignore" -confirm:$false | out-null
Connect-VIServer "$ESX_host" -User "$Root_user" -Password "$Root_password" | out-null
Start-Sleep -Seconds 10
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Enter Maintenance mode" -foregroundcolor green | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHost | Set-VMHost -State maintenance | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
#
#
#
#====================================================================#
# ***CONFIGURE HOST SETTINGS***                                      #
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- Set Hostname and Domain name" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostNetwork | Set-VMHostNetwork -DomainName $New_domainname -HostName $New_hostname | out-null
Start-Sleep -Seconds 10
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure DNS settings" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostNetwork | Set-VMHostNetwork -DnsAddress "$DNS01" , "$DNS02" -SearchDomain "$New_domainname" | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure NTP settings" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHost | Add-VmHostNtpServer -NtpServer "$NTP01" , "$NTP02" | out-null
Get-VMHost | Get-VMHostFirewallException | where {$_.Name -eq "NTP client"} | Set-VMHostFirewallException -Enabled:$true | out-null
Get-VMHost | Get-VmHostService | Where-Object {$_.key -eq "ntpd"} | Start-VMHostService | out-null
Get-VMhost | Get-VmHostService | Where-Object {$_.key -eq "ntpd"} | Set-VMHostService -policy "automatic" | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configuring Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostSNMP | Set-VMhostSnmp -ReadOnlyCommunity 'public' | out-null
Get-VMHostSnmp | Set-VMHostSnmp -Enabled:$true | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
#
#
#
#====================================================================#
# ***CONFIGURE NETWORK SWITCHES***                                   #
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- Delete the default VM Network" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VirtualPortGroup -Name "VM Network" | Remove-VirtualPortGroup -Confirm:$false | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure vSwitch0 - Management / vMotion" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch0 | Set-VirtualSwitch -Nic vmnic0,vmnic7 -Confirm:$false | out-null
New-VMHostNetworkAdapter -PortGroup vMotion -VirtualSwitch vSwitch0 -IP "$vMotion_ip" -SubnetMask "$vMotion_sub" -vMotionEnabled:$true -Confirm:$false | out-null
Get-virtualportgroup -name vMotion | Get-NicTeamingPolicy | Set-NicTeamingPolicy -MakeNicActive vmnic7 | out-null
Get-virtualportgroup -name vMotion | Get-NicTeamingPolicy | Set-NicTeamingPolicy -MakeNicStandby vmnic0 | out-null
Get-virtualportgroup -name "Management Network" | Get-NicTeamingPolicy | Set-NicTeamingPolicy -MakeNicStandby vmnic7 | out-null
Get-virtualportgroup -name "Management Network" | Get-NicTeamingPolicy | Set-NicTeamingPolicy -MakeNicActive vmnic0 | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure vSwitch1 - Production Network" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
New-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 -Nic vmnic4,vmnic6 -Confirm:$false | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN01_label" -VLANID "$VLAN01_id" | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN02_label" -VLANID "$VLAN02_id" | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN03_label" -VLANID "$VLAN03_id" | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN04_label" -VLANID "$VLAN04_id" | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN05_label" -VLANID "$VLAN05_id" | out-null
Get-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch1 | New-VirtualPortGroup -Name "$VLAN06_label" -VLANID "$VLAN06_id" | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure vSwitch2 - iSCSI" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
New-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch2 -Nic vmnic5 -MTU $MTU | out-null
New-VMHostNetworkAdapter -PortGroup "iSCSI01" -VirtualSwitch vSwitch2 -IP $VMK01 -SubnetMask "$iSCSI_sub" -MTU "$MTU" | out-null
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure vSwitch3 - iSCSI" -foregroundcolor green
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
New-VirtualSwitch -Name vSwitch3 -Nic vmnic1 -MTU $MTU | out-null
New-VMHostNetworkAdapter -PortGroup "iSCSI02" -VirtualSwitch vSwitch3 -IP $VMK02 -SubnetMask "$iSCSI_sub" -MTU "$MTU" | out-null
#------------------------------------------------------------------
#
#
#
#=====================================================================#
# ***CONFIGURE STORAGE***                                             #
#=====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- Install Software iSCSI Initiator" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostStorage $ESX_host | Set-VMHostStorage -SoftwareIScsiEnabled $false | out-null
Start-Sleep -Seconds 15 
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure iSCSI target address" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
$iSCSI_HBA = Get-VMHost | Get-VMHostHba | Where {$_.Type -eq "Iscsi"} | Where {$_.Model -eq "iSCSI Software Adapter"}
Get-VMHostHba "$iSCSI_HBA" | New-IScsiHbaTarget -Address "$iSCSI_target_A" | out-null
Get-VMHostHba "$iSCSI_HBA" | New-IScsiHbaTarget -Address "$iSCSI_target_B" | out-null
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Configure iSCSI initiator name" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHost | Get-VMHostHba | Where {$_.Type -eq "Iscsi"} | Where {$_.Model -eq "iSCSI Software Adapter"} | Set-VMHostHba -IScsiName "iqn.1998-01.com.vmware$ESX_host" | out-null
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Enable iSCSI Initiator" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostStorage $ESX_host | Set-VMHostStorage -SoftwareIScsiEnabled $True | out-null
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Write-Host "-- Rescan on all HBAs and Rescan for VMFS volumes" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHostStorage -VMHost $ESX_host -RescanAllHba | out-null
Get-VMHostStorage -VMHost $ESX_host -RescanVmfs | out-null
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
#
#
#
#=====================================================================#
# ***FINISHING CONFIGURATION***                                       #
#=====================================================================#
Write-Host "-- Exit Maintenance Mode" -foregroundcolor green
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
Get-VMHost | Set-VMHost -State connected | out-null
#---------------------------------------------------------------------#
#
#
#
Write-Host "vSphere Host-configuration has finished.." -foregroundcolor yellow
break;
}
2 {
#====================================================================#
#   vCenter - CUSTOM DEFINITIONS                                     #
#====================================================================#
$vCenter_server = read-host "Select vCenter server to connect"
$vCenter_administrator = read-host "Select vCenter Administrator"
$vCenter_password = read-host "Select vCenter Administrator password"
$vCenter_cluster = read-host "Select Cluster to add host"
Write-Host "vSphere Host will be added in vCenter server..." -foregroundcolor Green
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "Connect to the target vCenter server" -foregroundcolor green
#====================================================================#
Connect-VIServer "$vCenter_server" -User "$vCenter_administrator" -Password "$vCenter_password"
#====================================================================#
Add-VMHost $ESX_host -Force -Location (Get-Cluster "$vCenter_cluster") -User root -Password "$Root_password" | out-null
#====================================================================#
#
#
#
#====================================================================#
# ***FINISHING CONFIGURATION***                                      #
#====================================================================#
Write-Host "Re-balance VMs in cluster using DRS" -foregroundcolor green
#====================================================================#
Get-DrsRecommendation -Cluster (Get-Cluster "$vCenter_cluster") -Refresh | out-null
#====================================================================#
#
#
#
Write-Host "Host is added to vCenter Server.." -foregroundcolor yellow
break;
}
}
 
}
while ($response -ne "0")

 

 

Script output:

image

 

 

VMware: Quick stats on [SERVERNAME] is not up-to-date

June 4th, 2015 No comments

Few weeks ago I upgraded for a customer vCenter Server 5.5. to 6.0, today I received a yellow warning in the Summary tab:

Quick stats on [SERVERNAME] is not up-to-date

image

 

Solution

This is a known issue in vCenter Server 5.5 and 6.0.

  • This issue is resolved in VMware vCenter Server 5.5.0b.
  • Currently there is no resolution for vCenter Server 6.0.

To work around this issue, add these quickStats parameters to the Advanced Settings of vCenter Server:

  • vpxd.quickStats.HostStatsCheck
  • vpxd.quickStats.ConfigIssues

Note: Adding these parameters to vCenter Server does not affect future upgrades.

To add the quickStats parameters to the Advanced Settings of vCenter Server 6.0:

  1. Connect to the vCenter Server using the vSphere Client and administrator credentials.
  2. Select Administration > vCenter Server Settings to display the vCenter Server Settings dialog box.
  3. In the settings list, select Advanced Settings.
  4. Add the following parameters:
  5. vpxd.quickStats.HostStatsCheck = False

    vpxd.quickStats.ConfigIssues = False

      
    image

  6. Restart the vCenter Server services. For more information, see:

    More information: VMware

VMware: There is a problem authentication into the legacy vCenter Server using credentials provided by the user

May 16th, 2015 1 comment

During upgrade VMware vCenter Server 5.5.0 (based on Windows 2012R2) to 6.0.0 I received a warning message:

Error: There is a problem authenticating into the legacy vCenter Server using the credentials provided by the user.

Resolution: Check if vCenter Server is up and running. Double check provided vCenter Server credentials

 
VMpros.nl

 
Some troubleshooting:

  • All VMware vCenter Server Services are started
  • No warnings/errors in Microsoft Event Logs during setup
  • I can logon at the vSphere webinterface with credentials administrator@vsphere.local
  • When configure wrong SSO password in setup the setup says "The vCenter Single Sign-On credentials are not valid. Check the username and password and try again"
  • I can ping domain controller VMpros.local
  • I canceled the setup and generated a support file, at the time I received the warning message this setup log was generated, so far, nothing special:

MSI (c) (40:88) [17:15:28:813]: Invoking remote custom action. DLL: C:\Users\ADMINI~1.VMP\AppData\Local\Temp\MSI7329.tmp, Entrypoint: LaunchUpgradeRunnerPreUpgradePhase
MSI (c) (40!C8) [08:23:44:055]: PROPERTY CHANGE: Modifying PreUpgradeComplete property. Its current value is ‘0’. Its new value: ‘1’.
MSI (c) (40:D0) [08:23:47:186]: PROPERTY CHANGE: Modifying SSO_PASSWORD property. Its current value is ‘**********’. Its new value: ‘**********’.
MSI (c) (40:D0) [08:23:47:267]: PROPERTY CHANGE: Modifying VC_5X_PASSWORD property. Its current value is ‘**********’. Its new value: ‘**********’.
MSI (c) (40:D0) [08:23:47:288]: PROPERTY CHANGE: Modifying PreUpgradeComplete property. Its current value is ‘1’. Its new value: ‘0’.
MSI (c) (40:D0) [08:23:47:305]: Doing action: VM_LaunchUpgradeRunnerPreUpgradePhaseAsync

 

Solution

Reboot the vCenter Server… I restarted the setup and the installation can continue.. weird!

VMware: vix error code = 21009 during

May 15th, 2015 2 comments

During upgrade installation VMware Tools I received this warning message:

vix error code = 21009

 
VMpros.nl

 

 

Cause

This issue occurs because, for security purposes, updating VMware Tools from within the guest is disabled by default.

 

Solution

  1. Shut down the virtual machine, if it is running.
  2. Open the datastore browser and navigate to the virtual machine directory.
  3. Using the GUI option, download the .vmx to your local desktop.
  4. Create a backup of the .vmx on your local workstation.
  5. Open the .vmx file using a text editor and add this line to the end of the file:

image

Categories: VMware Tags: , , , ,

VMware: Windows could not parse or process the unattend answer file for pass [specialize]

May 13th, 2015 7 comments

Today I deployed my new created Citrix XenDesktop 7.6 base image with Windows 8.1 u1 template and Customization file, during the customization process I received this error message:

Windows could not parse or process the unattend answer file for pass [specialize]. The settings specified in the answer file cannot be applied. The error was detected while processing settings for component [Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup].The computer restarted unexpectedly or encountered an unexpected error. Windows installation cannot proceed. To install Windows, click “OK” to restart the computer, and then restart the installation.

 

http://www.bencremers.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/windowscouldnotparse.jpg


Cause

This issue can have multiple causes. Some common causes include, but are not limited to:

  • Bad Product Key
  • Invalid Device Drivers
  • Invalid Computer Names
  • Issue with the Admin Account being used
  • An installed application breaks the unattended install process

Solution

This resolution is based on the source of the error, to troubleshoot this issue, review the Microsoft Setup log setupact.log file.

Note: The Microsoft Setup log file is located at c:\Windows\Panther\unattendGC\setupact.log.

To view the log file from a computer currently displaying the error, press Shift + F10 to open a command prompt and run this command: notepad c:\windows\panther\unattendGC\setupact.log

In my case I configured in the Customization Wizard a Windows 8.1 MAK license key, the configured template OS was an VLK edition…

VMware: Repeated characters when typing in remote console

April 7th, 2015 1 comment

Everyone knows the hanging keyboard console session issue, when you type your username or password the keyboard hangs. If you access a virtual machine console over a slow connection, you’ll encounter keyboard sync issues

If you open a remote console to a virtual machine from a slow network connection (such as a VPN) while tethered to a mobile phone providing Internet access, the experience is not optimal, as keyboard and mouse gestures aren’t timed exactly the same. This is especially problematic if you try to enter a password where the characters are masked.

image

  

Solution

There are two ways to add a extra line in the configuration file of the virtual machine,

 

Option 1. Edit VMX file directly

1. Power off the virtual machine.

2. Add a line, similar to this, at the end of your virtual machine’s configuration (.vmx) file

keyboard.typematicMinDelay = "2000000"

The delay is specified in micro-seconds, so the line in the example above increases the repeat time to 2 seconds. This should ensure that you never get auto-repeat unless you intend it.

image

3. Power on the virtual machine.

 

Option 2. Edit VMX via vSphere Client

1. Power off the virtual machine.

2. Edit settings > Options > General > Configuration Parameters, add new row with text:

keyboard.typematicMinDelay = "2000000"

The delay is specified in micro-seconds, so the line in the example above increases the repeat time to 2 seconds. This should ensure that you never get auto-repeat unless you intend it.

image
3. Power on the virtual machine.

 

Ps. You can edit the .VMX files directly, but a better practice is to configure this value within the vSphere Client for a virtual machine template. When you consider that most of the access to a virtual machine is provided by tools such as remote desktop, there is no harm in configuring this value globally for all virtual machines that originate from a template

VMware: Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 to 6.0

March 29th, 2015 5 comments

Last week I upgraded VMware vCenter 5.5 server (based Windows 2012R2) at the company environment I work for, the upgrade was very simple.

Pre-install: Please check article “Minimum requirements for the VMware vCenter Server 6.x Appliance (2106572)

 
Installation process

clip_image002

– Select: Install

Read more…